Abstract / Introduction / Summary:
Two species of pearlfishes, Onuxodon fowleri (Smith, 1955) and Carapus mourlani (Petit, 1934) (Actinopterygii: Ophidiiformes: Carapidae), have been found from coastal waters off Amami-oshima and Tanegashima islands in the Satsunan Islands, Kagoshima Prefecture, southern Japan. The former species was found from the intestine of Bohadschia argus Jaeger (Holothuroidea: Aspidochirotida: Holothuriidae) in Amami-oshima island. The latter species was collected by a set net off Tanegashima island, respectively. These specimens represent the first records of both two species from the two islands, expanding the geographical distribution range northward.