A single specimen (148.5 mm standard length) of Bodianus leucosticticus (Bennett, 1832), previously known from the Mascarene Islands, Indonesia, Taiwan and Japan, was collected from Amami-oshima island, Amami Islands in the middle of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. In Japanese waters, the species has been recorded only from the Izu Islands, the Pacific coast of Japanese mainland from Izu Peninsula to Kochi, the Osumi Islands, and the Okinawa Islands. Thus, the specimen, described here in detail, represents the first specimen-based record of B. leucosticticus from the Amami Islands.

First specimen-based record of Bodianus leucosticticus (Perciformes: Labridae) from the Amami Islands, Japan (Roxanne A. Cabebe, Takanori Maekawa and Hiroyuki Motomura)